Periodontal disease is the result of infection and inflammation of the bone and gums that surround and support the teeth. In its early stage, gingivitis, the gums can become red, swollen and some bleeding may occur. In it’s more serious form, called periodontitis, the gums will pull away from the tooth, bone can be lost and the tooth will no longer have any support. Which will cause the tooth to loosen and even fall out. Periodontal disease and tooth decay are the two biggest threats to dental health.
Causes of Periodontal Disease
Bacteria in the mouth infect tissue surrounding the tooth, causing inflammation around the tooth leading to periodontal disease. When bacteria stays on the tooth for a long period of time, a film called plaque is formed. Plaque eventually hardens to tartar and tartar build-up can spread below the gum line, which makes teeth harder to clean. At this point, only a dental professional can remove the tartar and stop the periodontal disease process.
Bad breath or bad taste that wont go away
Tender and bleeding gums
Red or swollen gums
Gums that have pulled away from your teeth
Any change in the way you teeth together when you bite
Poor oral hygiene
Any medications that cause dry mouth